In the archaeological section of Maletto’s city museum are shown the evidences resulting from the excavations made starting from 1987 by the "Archaeological Service of the Monuments and Fine Arts Office" in Catania, and from the reconnaissance of the surface made by Durham University in partnership with the "Monuments and Fine Arts Office" in Catania, and from various rescues effected in the area.

The oldest evidences about the human presence in this district date back to the end of VI millennium b.C. as evidence there is the finding of potsherd attributable to middle Neolithic. The area, that at the beginning had to be included in the district of natives around the town of Mendolito, near Adrano, afterwards passed under the town of Siracusa’s hegemony.

The finding of some Greek residential houses of rectangular shape, with big stone enclosures of uncertain use date back to this period. At the end of the Neolithic, the human traces became more intense infact they were found not only in the caverns, as proved by the finding of some tombs of the age in the quarter of Balze Soprane, but also during the works for the building of a gas pipeline.

These findings attest a widespread human presence through late Copper Age and the Bronze Age too.